Port city on the west coast of Tuscany
The city of Livorno, a military camp at the time of the Romans, is located in the coastal plain of Tuscany, 20 kilometers southwest of Pisa. The city with 160.000 inhabitants is one of the most important sea ports in Italy. Ferry lines connect Livorno with Corsica, Elba, Sardinia and North Africa. In addition, the city is a very popular cruise destination all year round due to its proximity to the tourist attractions of Tuscany.
Livorno - cruise ships and ferry
Livorno - worth knowing
Eight maritime republics once ruled the Mediterranean. Pisa was one of the four most important republics. Livorno belonged to Pisa and served it as a port for several centuries. At that time Livorno was an insignificant fishing settlement. In 1421, the wealthy Republic of Florence bought the settlement as it offered unrestricted access to the sea from a Florentine perspective. A century later, the Medici rulers in Florence ordered the fortification of the port. The place remained without any meaning by today's standards; everything that defines a city was missing. It was not until the second half of the 16th century that the city was planned to be built, the surrounding marshland drained and the city connected to Pisa by a canal.
Livorno - La Venezia Nuova district
Livorno - economy and tourism
In 1675 Livorno was granted free port status. The condition lasted until 1865 and gave the city the economic prosperity it had hoped for. With the annexation to the Kingdom of Italy, the status of the free port was lost. The city subsequently gained importance as an industrial location and as a tourist destination.
Livorno is currently one of the most important Italian seaports. Cars, containers and mineral oil are mainly handled. Ocean ferries and cruise ships constantly use the berths at Porto Mediceo. Far more than 2020 calls by cruise ships were planned for 300. The coronavirus, which is rampant around the world, is likely to ruin the plans.
Livorno - port and industrial city
Important branches of the economy are the mechanical industry, automotive suppliers and the yacht and boat building company Benetti. The oil company ENI has an oil refinery in the north of the city.
Livorno for cruise ship guests
The third largest city in Tuscany is the gateway to Tuscany for cruise ship guests. Less than 30 kilometers separate the cruise terminal from the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Under Shore excursion to Pisa is how we describe this wonderful city, 90 kilometers between Livorno and Florence. Both cities, Pisa and Florence, are unique and worth more than one visit.
Livorno - Church of Santa Caterina da Siena
Auch Livorno offers many sightswaiting to be "discovered". A tour is a great way to get to know the city. And the best thing about it is: With the right preparation, you don't need organized tours to get familiar with the city.