In the past two years, almost 14 million guests a year have visited the four inhabited Balearic Islands. The Spanish statistical institute Frontur came to this conclusion. Most of the visitors come from Mallorca, the main island of the autonomous region of the Balearic Islands. It is undisputed that Mallorca’s island capital, Palma, cannot be ignored. It doesn't matter whether you are visiting the island by plane, ferry or by plane Cruise ship arrive, they always land in Palma.
"Article overview Mallorca"
Palma - Mallorca's island metropolis
Mallorca is by far the largest of the four Balearic Islands. The area measures 3.640 square kilometers, and the coastline is estimated at 550 kilometers. The island is also very mountainous. The highest peak is in the Tramuntana Mountains. It is the Puig Major; it reaches a height of 1445 meters. In addition to pleasant temperatures, Mallorca offers its guests wonderful mountain landscapes, beautiful bays and, with Playa de Palma, a huge beach region. Much more than you can consciously experience in two or three weeks of vacation. And then there is Palma: if you haven't seen the island's capital, you don't know Mallorca.
Bay near Palma
At the beginning of 2017, more than 406.000 people lived in Palma. That is significantly more inhabitants than the major German cities, Bielefeld, Bochum or Wuppertal. Palma's area extends over a good 30 kilometers. It extends from Magaluf in the west to S'Arenal in the east. More than half of the approximately 900.000 islanders live in this region.
Palma - some history
The first recorded settlers of the prehistoric Talayot culture lived as early as 5.000 BC. On the island. The Romans followed the Talayot culture. They conquered Mallorca in 123 BC. They founded the port city of Palma. With the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 4th century AD, Palma lost its importance again. It was not until the Moors, who occupied Palma in 903, that Palma regained importance. The rule of the Moors lasted more than 300 years. After the expulsion of the Moors, Mallorca fell to the Kingdom of Aragon in 1229. Under his leadership, the city fortifications and the La Seu cathedral were built.
La Seu Cathedral and Parc de la Mar.
The architectural styles of the Moors, Gothic and Renaissance, which are mixed in Palma, are the result of the respective periods of rule. Other notable buildings were built at the beginning of the 20th century in the style of Spanish modernism.
Banys Àrabs - witnesses to Arab culture
Palma - Church, Culture and Science
Palma has been a Catholic bishopric since the 5th century. The Diocese of Mallorca is subordinate to the Archdiocese of Valencia. Beautiful churches invite you to visit.
Basilica de Sant Francesc
Culture and art from different civilizations influenced the island's cultural life. One of the most important artists in Mallorca was the painter and sculptor Joan Miró. He died in Palma in 1983. It is not surprising that art museums and galleries define the cityscape in such an ambience.
Monumental art on La Rambla
There is a wide range of music festivals on offer. Classical, pop and electro are served equally.
Palma is a university location. In 1978 the UIB, the University of the Balearic Islands, was founded there. Teaching is divided into six faculties.
Another example of contemporary art
Palma - transport and economy
The island, but especially the area around Palma, is well developed in terms of transport. Local public transport leaves little to be desired.
Estació Intermodal underground bus station
Mallorca is connected to Europe and mainland Spain by air and ferry routes. Palma's Son Sant Joan Airport recorded more than 2018 million passengers in 29. So he plays in the league of airports in Copenhagen, Oslo or Zurich.
From an economic point of view, Palma lives mainly from tourism, services and trade. Industrial companies have not been allowed to settle in the city since the 1970s and are therefore completely absent. Important employers are the airport and the entire maritime sector. The municipal areas and the administrations of the autonomous region of the Balearic Islands should also be mentioned.
Palma - from the perspective of the crusaders
Palma is one of the most important cruise destinations in the western Mediterranean. In 2017, 889 cruise ships docked in Mallorca. The number of passengers is put at 1,66 million.
Palma is rich in attractions. It is one of those cities that - with appropriate preparation - do not require guided excursions. Under Palma de Mallorca - landmarks we show the recommended attractions of the city and the surrounding area.
In Palma cruise ships dock at two piers:
Berth No. 1:
Estació Maritima num. 2 near the marina. Walk to town about 30 minutes.
Estación Maritima with the Silver Spirit
Berth No. 2 - Mole Dique Oeste:
In the commercial port of Porto Pi behind the fortress of San Carlos. Walk to town about 75 minutes.
Mole Dique Oeste with the AIDA ship
The Dique Oeste pier, which is remote in itself, has good transport links. Buses, taxis and public transport bus line 1 chartered by the cruise companies connect the cruise terminal with the city center. Bus line 1 ends at the airport. When visiting the city center, you should either get off below the Royal Palace Palacio Real de La Almudaina (stop: coming from the port area behind the bend in Av. D'Antonio Maura) or at Plaça España. Palma can be easily explored from both stops.
Guests whose cruise ends in Palma and whose flights do not leave until the evening will find both luggage storage and check-in for the flight home in the port area. After completing the formalities, you can concentrate on the city in peace. After your sightseeing tour, take bus number 1 to the airport.